The nursing profession is considered one of the noble and humanitarian professions. Because of its connection to human health, preserving his life, and alleviating his suffering and feeling of pain, everyone who works in this profession is called an angel of mercy. This is for the humanitarian role it plays in the various treatment stages. From a medical standpoint, this profession achieves comprehensiveness in the medical services provided, and strives towards perfection. The doctor is the first person to determine the nature of the disease and decide the form and type of treatment. While it is the responsibility of the nurse to monitor the health condition of patients, and follow all possible means to relieve their pain and comfort them.
Definition of nursing specialty:
The World Health Organization has defined nursing as helping an individual, whether sick or well, improve his health, restore his health in the event of illness, or leave life peacefully, based on the concept of palliative care that the nurse provides to patients, especially those with serious illnesses and who are going through the last stages of their lives. The nursing profession is also defined as a job in the medical field that requires obtaining and practicing knowledge. To obtain experience, it has its own rules and principles, and it is a profession that includes a set of medical, psychological and moral methods to deal with the patient and help him heal and recover. The student in the nursing profession needs a license from the Ministry of Health and the concerned authorities; To be able to practice this profession.
Duties and ethics of the nursing specialty:
A nurse’s duties include:
Providing the highest level of medical services to preserve the patient’s health and prevent his exposure to serious complications.
Providing medical service or nursing assistance to all patients; Regardless of gender, color, religion, or race; It is a profession that sums up all the nuances and differences.
Make every effort possible while performing it. This is because the field of treatment in general relates to people’s souls that cannot tolerate the postponement or cancellation of the service, or laxity during its provision. A real nurse exerts all his energies while working, and is also keen on the quality of service provided. The ability to work within a medical team, and show readiness to cooperate in times of emergency, or during the absence of medical staff.
Informing the patient or his family of the nature of his health condition, and providing all available information about the necessary treatment, while not forcing the patient to receive treatment, and warning him of the health consequences if he refuses it.
Follow up the patient’s health condition with the supervising physician on a permanent basis, and avoid prescribing treatment or medication without prior permission from the specialist physician.
Deal gently and politely with the patient; And not to get emotional when he engages in behavior that harms his health, and it is necessary to avoid looking at him during times of work pressure. This behavior would tarnish the reputation of the nurse and the health authority he works for, in addition to destroying the patient’s morale and harming his human dignity.
Taking into account the general rules followed by the medical institution for which the nurse works.
Wearing the formal work uniform for nurses during work periods, including the night shift. Maintaining the patient’s personal or medical secrets, and not transmitting them to fellow patients or other nurses.
Nursing student fields:
A nursing student can specialize in any field he desires, including:
Emergency and accident nursing: Where the nurse cares for people who have suffered from illness or an accident, and whose treatment may require transferring them to the hospital.
Orthopedic nursing: The orthopedic nurse cares about people who suffer from injuries to the bone and joint area. Sometimes the patient needs to stay in the orthopedic care department, so it is the nurse’s duty to rehabilitate the patient.
Pediatric Nursing: They care for sick children, who need extreme care, because they are exposed to conditions that differ from others, and their body composition needs care, because they are in the growth stage, and it is the duty of patients This section is to provide moral support to them, to alleviate their pain.
Operating room nursing: This type of nursing requires high skill, because nurses help surgical specialists, and may work to clarify the situation to the patient before starting the operation.
Intensive care nursing: That is, people who have been exposed to the most dangerous stages of infection, and includes people who lose consciousness and depend on ventilators for their lives.
Number of years of studying nursing in Turkey:Nursing study in Turkey in colleges is 4 years, and may reach 5 years if there is a preparatory year to study the Turkish or English language. The four years include theoretical study, practical study, training opportunities, and more.
For nursing institutes, the study period is two years after which you can obtain a diploma, and it may be 3 years if there is a preparatory year for studying the language.
The most important academic subjects:
First academic year:
The second academic year is taught by:
Internal medicine nursing
Infectious disease nursing
The third academic year is taught by:
Gynecology Nursing and Women’s Health
Psychiatric and mental health nursing
The fourth academic year is taught by:
Public health nursing
Nursing services management.