Friday, November 24, 2017

Turkey Education Center

 

Peru

Peru's highest ranking institution is Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, a private university based in Peruvian capital Lima, which climbed from 31st in Latin America in 2012, to 23rd in 2013.

Next to appear in the ranking is Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (UNMSM), which in 2013 dropped a few places to 52nd.

Founded in the mid-16th century, UNMSM lays claim to being one of the oldest universities in the Americas – and indeed the world. Like the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, it has its main campus in Lima.

Also making the top 150 in the 2013 QS University Rankings: Latin America are Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Universidad de Lima, Universidad Nacional Agraria la Molina and the Universidad de San Martin de Porres USMP.  

In total, Peru has around 80 universities, with private institutions outnumbering public. Tuition costs vary, but in general international students can expect pay low to middling fees, with many universities charging per credit rather than per semester or year.

A system of universal accreditation has been introduced in recent years, which should have the effect of increasing quality across the board. Undergraduate studies tend to involve two years of general study, before another couple of years of specialization. Master’s and doctoral level studies also take around two years apiece.

Spanish remains the primary language of tuition, but there are a small handful of courses designed for international students. In any case, being able to speak at least some Spanish is a definite plus!

Facts about Peru

  • Capital and largest city: Lima
  • Main language: Spanish
  • Currency: the nuevo sol (one Nuevo sol = 100 centimos)
  • Borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and the Pacific Ocean
  • Major exports include fish, copper, zinc, lead, gold, oil, coffee, sugar and cotton
  • Third largest country in South America
  • Traditionally divided into three types of habitat: coast, highlands and jungle (of which jungle occupies most space)
  • The Peru Central Railway is the world’s second highest railway line (after Tibet’s Qingzang line)
  • Traditional cuisine includes ceviche (raw fish marinated in citrus juice), causa (a casserole of potatoes, avocado and tuna) and cuy (guinea pig, usually baked or barbequed and served whole)

Life in Peru

Situated on the west coast of South America, Peru is the 20th biggest country in the world by area, and has a population of nearly 30 million people. Peru is a distinctly multicultural nation.

As well as being home to the world’s largest population of indigenous Americans (an estimated 14 million), it has residents of European, African and Asian descent. This rich diversity is reflected in the country’s culture and cuisine.

Lima, the capital of Peru, is home to nearly a third of the country’s population, and is among the 20 most populous cities worldwide.

The country is also well known for its natural attractions and historic sites – tropical rainforests, the spectacular Andes and Machu Picchu, which is often named as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Peru shares a love of football (soccer) with the rest of Latin America, and it would be difficult to find a more hotly contested match than those between fierce rivals Club Universitario de Deportes (one of several Peruvian teams whose origin lies with universities) and Alianza Lima.

The former, the country’s most successful team, plays in a stadium with a capacity of 80,000, giving an indication of the game’s popularity here. Peruvian food centres around crops such as corn, beans and tubers – fans of the latter will be delighted to know that the Andes region is home to more than 200 different types of potato.

Elements of African, European and Chinese cuisine can all be detected in Peruvian food, but all with a distinctly Peruvian touch, using local alternatives to unavailable ingredients. Lovers of small furry creatures may wish to avoid cuy, the local name for guinea pig, a popular dish in Peru.

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